10 Best Python Libraries for GUI (2022)

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A graphical user interface, or GUI, is an interactive environment that is the first thing a user sees and interacts with after opening an application or website. A system of interactive visual components for computer software, a graphical interface displays objects that convey information and represent actions that a user can take. Objects can change color, size, or visibility when the user interacts with them. A GUI can include graphical elements such as icons, sliders, and buttons that can also be enhanced with sounds or visual effects, such as transparency.

A good GUI is crucial for increasing your platform reputation and user count, and the combination of all of these elements plays an important role in the user experience of your app or website.

When building GUIs, many developers turn to Python, which has many different frameworks. Python is an interactive programming language that makes it easy to get started programming a GUI framework. Python offers a wide range of options for GUI frameworks, including cross-platform frameworks and platform-specific frameworks.

Here is an overview of the 10 best Python libraries for the GUI:

1.PyQt5

Developed by Riverbank Computing, PyQt5 is one of the most popular Python frameworks for GUI. The PyQt package is built around the Qt framework, which is a cross-platform framework used to build various applications on different platforms.

PyQt5 is fully cross-platform, which means developers can use it to build apps on a variety of platforms such as Mac, Windows, Linux, iOS, and Android. It offers QtGUI and QtDesigner modules that provide visual elements that the developer can implement by drag and drop. You can also choose to build the item by code, allowing you to easily develop both small and large scale applications.

Here are some of the main advantages of PyQt5:

  • Coding Versatility
  • Various UI components
  • Several learning resources
  • Wide variety of native platform APIs for networking, database management, and more.

2.Tkinter

Another prominent Python library for GUI is Tkinter, which is an open source Python GUI library. It is well known for its simplicity and comes pre-installed in Python which means there is no work on your part. These features make it a great choice for beginners and intermediates, but it’s not capable of larger scale projects.

With Tkinter, visual elements are called widgets, and each of the widgets comes with a different level of customization. It also offers a wide range of commonly used elements that many developers are already familiar with, such as Frame, Buttons, Checkbuttons, Labels, File Dialogs, and Canvas.

Here are some of the main advantages of Tkinter:

  • Easy to use and quick to implement
  • Flexible and stable
  • Included in Python
  • Provides simple syntax

3. Kivy

OpenGL ES 2 accelerated framework, Kivy was designed for the creation of new user interfaces. It supports a variety of platforms such as Windows, Mac, Linux, Android, and iOS. The open source library includes over 20 widgets in its toolkit.

Kivy was written with a mix of Python and Cython, and it helps create some of the most intuitive user interfaces with multi-touch apps. These multi-touch apps help implement the Natural User Interface (NUI), which is a type of interface where the user naturally learns about the different interactions while they are usually invisible.

Kivy enables UI designers to code and deploy across multiple platforms, and built-in OpenGL ES 2 support enables modern graphics and techniques.

Here are some of the main benefits of Kivy:

  • Python-based
  • Code written once can be used on all devices
  • Easy to use widgets with multi-touch support
  • Deploy on multiple platforms

4. wxPython

Another Python library for the GUI is wxPython, which allows Python developers to create native user interfaces without additional overhead for the application. Like other libraries and frameworks, wxPython works on a variety of platforms such as Mac OS, Windows, Linux and Unix systems.

wxPython includes many widgets, which is its main selling point. It also looks great on all platforms and doesn’t require a lot of custom modifications. That said, it has a steeper learning curve than some of the other frameworks, such as Tkinter.

Here are some of the benefits of wxPython:

  • Large library of widgets
  • Native look
  • Very flexible
  • Community of helpful users

5. PySimpleGUI

PySimpleGUI was developed in 2018 to make it easier for Python beginners to get started with GUI development. Many other frameworks require more complicated work, but PySimpleGUI lets you get started right away without worrying about the advanced niceties of other libraries.

The framework relies on four other GUI frameworks: Qt, Tkinter, wxPython and Remi. By implementing most of the code, the difficulty of these decreases considerably. Beginners can choose the GUI framework and have easy access to the visual elements that come with it, allowing them to create intuitive user interfaces.

Here are some of the main advantages of PySimpleGUI:

  • Easy for beginners
  • Doesn’t require the advanced niceties of other frameworks
  • Uses Qt, Tkinter, wxPython and Remi
  • Create user interfaces based on the preferred GUI framework

6. Libavg

Libavg is a GUI framework that relies on Python as its scripting language. It is widely regarded as one of the best libraries for developing user interfaces for modern touch devices, and its hardware acceleration is achieved through OpenGL and GPU shaders.

The Python library offers a wide range of features such as camera support, animation support, text alignment, GPU effects, etc. The advanced screen layout engine includes rotation, scaling, blending, cropping and other visual element techniques.

Libavg is written in C++, which allows it to achieve fast execution times.

Here are some of the main benefits of Libavg:

  • Python as a scripting language
  • Wide range of features
  • Advanced screen layout engine
  • Written in C++

7.PyForms

The PyForms GUI framework is the Python implementation of Windows Forms, which allows developers to create highly interactive interfaces for Windows GUI mode, Web mode, and Terminal mode.

The open-source, cross-platform library makes it easy for developers to build apps for multiple platforms without having to make significant code changes. It also provides instances of popular graphics-centric libraries such as PyQT and Open GL.

PyForms can be divided into three different sections: PyForms-GUI, PyForms-Web and PyForms-Terminal. Each layer allows the execution of the PyForms application under Windows, or in Web or Terminal.

Here are some of the main features of PyForms:

  • Highly interactive interfaces for Windows GUI mode, Web mode and Terminal mode
  • open-source
  • Cross-platform
  • Does not require major code changes

8. PySide2

Another prominent Python GUI library is PySide2, or QT for Python, which offers the official Python bindings for Qt (PySide2). It allows its APIs to be used in Python applications, and the Bindings Builder tool can be used to expose C++ projects in Python.

Qt is considered the gold standard for GUI design, with all other Python GUI frameworks being measured against it. This means that PySide2 gives Python developers access to a large collection of efficient tools and libraries to quickly and flexibly build user interfaces.

Here are some of the main advantages of PySide2:

  • Cross platform
  • Extensive community support and documentation
  • Supports Python 3 and Python 2.7
  • Used by big companies like Mercedes

9. Wax

Towards the end of our list is Wax, which is wxPython’s wrapper. Offering the same functionalities as wxPython, Wax is distinguished by its ease of use. Wax is also implemented as an extension module for Python and supports cross-platform application development.

Wax was designed to create an easier way to access Python elements and objects to build GUIs. The underlying platform being wxWindows, which is very efficient, Wax has a high level of efficiency and speed.

Here are some of the main benefits of Wax:

  • Open source and cross-platform
  • Easy to use
  • Same functionality as wxPython
  • Implemented as an extension module for Python

10. PyGUI

Closing our list of top 10 Python libraries for GUI is PyGUI, which is a simple API that allows developers to create user interfaces with native elements for Python applications. It is a lightweight framework requiring less code between the application and the target platform, which also ensures more efficiency.

PyGUI supports building applications on different systems, such as Windows machines, MacOS devices, and Unix-based systems. The library documentation is in Python, which means you don’t need to refer to other GUI libraries.

Here are some of the main advantages of PyGUI:

  • All documentation written in Python
  • Available in Python 2 and 3
  • Supports Python extensions like OpenGL and GTK
  • Open source and cross-platform
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